A Japanese court has ruled a father legally responsible for a child who was born after his ex-partner impregnated herself with a frozen embryo without his knowledge.
The man conceded he was the biological father of the two-year-old girl.
But he disputed his legal paternity status because he had no say in whether she would be born.
Although the couple had separated a year and a half before the girl was born, they were still married.
The man had already fathered a son by in-vitro fertilisation with his then-partner.
After the couple split, the mother then chose to become pregnant with a frozen embryo.