President Jacob Zuma is planning to make a shock announcement‚ introducing free education across the board through a controversial funding plan that flies in the face of the findings of the Heher Commission‚ government insiders say.
The plan‚ apparently devised by Zuma’s future son-in-law‚ Morris Masutha‚ would also defy official ANC policy. It could see the cutting back of departmental budgets across government to make R40bn available for the 2018 academic year.
Zuma has been withholding the 748-page commission report‚ in which retired judge Jonathan Heher reportedly found that universal free tertiary education was not feasible.
The announcement is thought to be imminent but the presidency on Monday night said there were no plans by the president for any announcement on Tuesday.
Masutha‚ who is engaged to be married to Thuthukile Zuma‚ the president’s youngest daughter from his marriage to Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma‚ referred questions to the National Treasury.
"I think you might want to get input from those respective departments [the Presidency‚ Higher Education and National Treasury).… And not me personally‚" he said.
The Department of Higher Education was not immediately available for comment.
Masutha‚ who has apparently acted as Zuma’s "point man" on the fees issue‚ has made presentations to ANC officials and an inter-ministerial Cabinet committee on his self-devised funding plan‚ which essentially revises the National Treasury’s entire budget.
It is understood that following Zuma’s sudden Cabinet reshuffle last month‚ Masutha was introduced to Higher Education and Training Minister Hlengiwe Mkhize and Deputy Minister Buti Manamela‚ as the president’s "adviser".
Zuma has apparently assigned Minister in the Presidency Jeff Radebe and his director-general Mpumi Mpofu the task of implementing the plan‚ which requires cutbacks in departmental budgets to make funding available. Mpofu‚ who was appointed in July‚ is said to have been working with a team from the Treasury to "find the money for Zuma".
A government insider said the matter was dealt with directly by the director-general outside of the ordinary work of the department.
If the plan proceeds‚ it is likely to cause chaos throughout the state system as budgets are allocated according to programmes.
It also undermines Finance Minister Malusi Gigaba’s statements when he presented the medium-term budget policy statement last month. He said a funding shortfall of more than R61bn over the next three years would be created if government were to finance the full cost of study for 40% of undergraduates.
He said further announcements on higher education funding would be made in the February budget.
If Masutha’s plan is adopted‚ it could be an instant trigger for a credit downgrade to junk status by ratings agencies.
But sources say Zuma has disregarded the National Treasury and the Heher Commission’s findings‚ and believes that his future son-in-law has found a solution to the higher education crisis.
Masutha is the founder of the Thusanani Foundation‚ an education nongovernmental organisation (NGO) working on addressing disparities in rural schools.
At his graduation ceremony at the University of Johannesburg‚ where he was receiving his master’s degree in local economic development‚ Masutha held up an ANC T-shirt with Zuma’s face‚ apparently as a statement against white academic staff.
Earlier this year‚ Masutha opined that free university education would come with an estimated cost to the state of between R6.5bn and R7.5bn.
He proposed that the government should foot the bill for tuition fees‚ accommodation‚ meals‚ transport and all study material. "No poor and working class student must be partially funded‚" he wrote at the time.
Masutha wrote that the final report of the presidential commission on higher education funding should come up with an "inclusive and comprehensive higher education funding model for all undergraduate students". He added that these recommendations should be ready to implement in 2018.
ANC spokesman Zizi Kodwa said he did not know of any plans by Zuma to announce free tertiary education.
ANC insiders said they had heard of Masutha’s proposals but did not know whether it would be feasible at all.